Page tree
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

The SignatureValidation filter verifies that a metadata instance is signed correctly with a trusted key, and is the linchpin of the security of most Shibboleth deployments.

The "Sign and Expire" distribution model

In practice, a SignatureValidation filter and a RequiredValidUntil filter are often used together to securely obtain remote metadata via HTTP. See the FileBackedHTTPMetadataProvider and DynamicHTTPMetadataProvider topics for explicit configuration examples. Other distribution models are discussed in the TrustManagement topic.

There are four approaches to supplying the trust policy to the SignatureValidation filter:

  • A pointer to a certificate file
  • A reference to an externally defined TrustEngine bean
  • An inline <PublicKey> element
  • An inline <security:TrustEngine> element

Filter order is important!

In the overall sequence of filters, a filter of type SignatureValidation must appear before any filter that alters the metadata instance. Examples of the latter include EntityAttributesFilter, EntityRoleWhiteListFilter, NameIDFormatFilter, and PredicateMetadataFilter.

Schema

The <MetadataFilter> element and the type SignatureValidation are defined by the urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:metadata schema, which can be located at http://shibboleth.net/schema/idp/shibboleth-metadata.xsd.

The <security:TrustEngine> element is defined in the urn:mace:shibboleth:2.0:security namespace, the schema for which is located at http://shibboleth.net/schema/idp/shibboleth-security.xsd

Attributes

NameTypeDefaultDescription

requireSignedRoot 3.2

BooleantrueIf true, this fails to load metadata with no signature on the root XML element.

requireSignedMetadata

Booleantrue

(DEPRECATED) Old version of requireSignedRoot

certificateFile

File

Path to a certificate file whose key is used to verify the signature.
Conflicts with trustEngineRef and both of the child elements.

defaultCriteriaRef

Bean Reference

shibboleth.MetadataSignatureValidationStaticCriteria

The ID of an externally defined CriteriaSet used as input the to the trust engine, not generally used.

signaturePrevalidatorRef

Bean ReferenceSAMLSignatureProfileValidatorThe ID of an externally defined SignaturePrevalidator. Used to perform pre-validation of an XML Signature, for example to validate that the signature conforms to a particular profile of XML Signature.

dynamicTrustedNamesStrategyRef

Bean ReferenceBasicDynamicTrustedNamesStrategyThe ID of an externally defined Function<XMLObject, Set<String>>. This will be used to extract dynamic trusted names from signed metadata elements.

trustEngineRef

Bean Reference
The ID of a <security:TrustEngine> defined somewhere else in the configuration.
Conflicts with certificateFile and both of the child elements.

Child Elements

One of the following two child elements may be configured. Their use conflicts with the certificateFile and trustEngineRef XML attributes.

NameDescription

<PublicKey>

A PEM-format public key.

You can obtain a public key from a certificate using a command such as:

$ openssl x509 -pubkey -in cert.pem -noout

<security:TrustEngine>

A trust engine plugin that defines how the signature is to be checked

Examples

Externally specified certificate file
<MetadataFilter xsi:type="SignatureValidation" requireSignedRoot="true" certificateFile="${idp.home}/credentials/signer.pem"/>
Inline key
<MetadataFilter xsi:type="SignatureValidation" requireSignedRoot="true">
  <PublicKey>
    MIIBI.....
  </PublicKey>
</MetadataFilter>
Metadata Provider with inline trust engine
<MetadataFilter xsi:type="SignatureValidation" requireSignedRoot="true">
    <security:TrustEngine id="SignerTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature">
        <security:Credential id="SignerCredential" xsi:type="security:X509ResourceBacked">
            <security:Certificate>${idp.home}/credentials/signer.pem</security:Certificate>
        </security:Credential>
    </security:TrustEngine>
</MetadataFilter>
Metadata Provider with inline trust engine with multiple validation credentials
<MetadataFilter xsi:type="SignatureValidation" requireSignedRoot="true">
    <security:TrustEngine id="SignerTrustEngine" xsi:type="security:StaticExplicitKeySignature">
        <security:Credential id="SignerCredential_1" xsi:type="security:X509ResourceBacked">
            <security:Certificate>${idp.home}/credentials/signer1.pem</security:Certificate>
        </security:Credential>
        <security:Credential id="SignerCredential_2" xsi:type="security:X509ResourceBacked">
            <security:Certificate>${idp.home}/credentials/signer2.pem</security:Certificate>
        </security:Credential>
    </security:TrustEngine>
</MetadataFilter>
  • No labels