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Current File(s): conf/saml-nameid.xml, conf/saml-nameid.properties

Format: Native Spring / Deprecated Custom Schema

Legacy V2 File(s): conf/attribute-resolver.xml

Overview

Generation of SAML NameIdentifier/NameID content is handled by the NameIdentifierGeneration service. See the NameIdentifiers topic for a general discussion of name identifiers and a list of specific examples.

The saml-nameid.xml file is used to control the generation of SAML 1 NameIdentifier and SAML 2 NameID content. SAML assertion subjects contain a special slot for an identifier that is less commonly used in Shibboleth deployments (because SAML Attributes are more general and useful) but is very commonly used by vendors seeking to do the bare minimum necessary to support SAML.

When interoperating with Shibboleth SPs, it's rare to need to modify this file, but you might need to do so to add support for more application-oriented identifier types, such as email addresses, or less commonly to enable support for so-called "persistent" identifiers, special privacy-preserving identifiers that are targeted to specific services.

Generators

The configuration defines two list beans, each containing a list of "generator" plugins for the two different SAML versions. Each plugin is specific to an identifier Format, a SAML constant that identifies the kind of value being expressed. The generation process involves selecting a list of Formats to try and generate (see Format Selection below), and then trying each Format until an appropriate value is obtained by running each configured generator in order. Since assertions need not contain a name identifier, it is not an error (from the perspective of the IdP) for all the generators to fail.

The default configuration includes generators for "transient" identifiers. These plugins are configured using saml-nameid.properties to control the strategies used to generate and reverse-map the values (the latter only being necessary to support "back-channel" attribute queries).

In the case of SAML 2, a plugin is present, but commented out, to generate "persistent" identifiers. Certain properties in saml-nameid.properties must be set in order to safely uncomment this plugin (discussed below).

The default configuration also demonstrates how to generate a custom identifier using an arbitrary Format based on an attribute from the attribute resolution process. This mirrors the V2 approach of encoding attributes, but separates the two operations in the configuration. This plugin also has the capability, unlike the resolver-based approach, of selecting the first value present from a list of possible source attributes.

In summary:

  • Support for "transient" identifiers is automatic.
  • If you want "persistent" / pair-wise support, see below.
  • If you want custom values, see below.

Format Selection

For any given request, the ordered list of Formats to try to generate is based on combining the SP's request (SAML 2 requests can include a <NameIDPolicy> element that requires a particular Format), the <NameIDFormat> element(s) in the SP's metadata, and the nameIDFormatPrecedence profile configuration property, if set for the chosen relying party configuration. If the metadata contains nothing, or contains the "urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid-format:unspecified" value, then the metadata is ignored.

If a <NameIDPolicy> element with Format is supplied, a suitable identifier MUST be generated or an error will be returned.

Otherwise the formats specified in an SP's metadata are filtered against a nameIDFormatPrecedence profile configuration property, if set, and the resulting set of Formats is tried in order. That is, the first Format in the profile configuration that is also in the metadata and that results in a valid result will be used.

Default Formats for each SAML version are set via saml-nameid.properties and are used in the event that nothing else is called for. You should not alter that setting in most cases.

Transient Identifier Generation

The strategy used to generate transient identifiers is controlled with the idp.transientId.generator property in saml-nameid.properties.

The default strategy is based on the use of a secret key, discussed in the SecurityConfiguration topic (see the idp.sealer.* properties). This maintains support for attribute queries without requiring shared state between a cluster of nodes, apart from sharing the secret key.

You can set this property to "shibboleth.StoredTransientIdGenerator" to generate random values tracked by server-side storage (this makes them shorter, but requires more complex storage approaches when clustering if attribute queries need to be supported).

Persistent Identifier Generation

See the PersistentNameIDGenerationConfiguration subtopic for detailed help with this feature.

Custom Identifier Generation

See the CustomNameIDGenerationConfiguration subtopic for detailed help with this feature.

More commonly in the case of custom formats, if you also need to adjust other behavior such as the content of the NameQualifier or SPNameQualifier attributes, refer to the javadocs for the generator interfaces (see reference table below for links).

Reference

Beans

Beans defined in saml-nameid.xml and related system configuration follow:

Bean IDTypeFunction

shibboleth.SAML2NameIDGenerators

List<SAML2NameIDGenerator>

SAML 2 NameID generator plugins to use

shibboleth.SAML1NameIdentifierGenerators

List<SAML1NameIdentifierGenerator>

SAML 1 NameIdentifier generator plugins to use
shibboleth.SAML2TransientGenerator
shibboleth.SAML1TransientGenerator
SAML2NameIDGenerator
SAML1NameIdentifierGenerator
Plugins for generating transient identifiers using pluggable strategies
shibboleth.StoredTransientIdGeneratorTransientIdGenerationStrategyStrategy plugin that generates transient identifiers randomly and stores them in a server-side StorageService
shibboleth.CryptoTransientIdGeneratorTransientIdGenerationStrategyStrategy plugin that generates transient identifiers by encrypting a subject identity into a long opaque string
shibboleth.SAML2PersistentGeneratorSAML2NameIDGeneratorPlugin for generating persistent identifiers using pluggable strategy
shibboleth.ComputedPersistentIdGeneratorPersistentIdGenerationStrategyStrategy plugin that generates persistent identifiers with a salted hash of an input value
shibboleth.StoredPersistentIdGeneratorPersistentIdGenerationStrategyStrategy plugin that generates persistent identifiers and stores them in a database
shibboleth.JDBCPersistentIdStore 3.2JDBCPersistentIdStoreExParent bean for defining a JDBC store for persistent identifiers
shibboleth.SAML2AttributeSourcedGenerator
shibboleth.SAML1AttributeSourcedGenerator
SAML2NameIDGenerator
SAML1NameIdentifierGenerator
Template beans for plugins that generate custom identifiers based on resolved and released attribute values
shibboleth.LegacySAML1NameIdentifierGenerator
shibboleth.LegacySAML2NameIDGenerator
SAML2NameIDGenerator
SAML1NameIdentifierGenerator
Plugins supporting deprecated use of attribute resolver configuration to produce and encode name identifiers

Properties

Properties defined in saml-nameid.properties to customize various aspects of default identifier generation behavior:

PropertyTypeDefaultFunction
idp.transientId.generatorBean ID of a TransientIdGenerationStrategyshibboleth.CryptoTransientIdGeneratorIdentifies the strategy plugin for generating transient IDs
idp.persistentId.generatorBean ID of a PersistentIdGenerationStrategyshibboleth.ComputedPersistentIdGeneratorIdentifies the strategy plugin for generating persistent IDs
idp.persistentId.dataSource 3.2Bean ID of a JDBC DataSource
Identifies a data source for storage-based strategy for persistent IDs
idp.persistentId.storeBean ID of a PersistentIdStore
Identifies the data store plugin for storage-based strategy for persistent IDs
idp.persistentId.computedBean ID of a ComputedPersistentIdGenerationStrategyshibboleth.ComputedPersistentIdGeneratorMay be null, Identifies a strategy plugin to use to generate the first persistent identifier for each subject, used to migrate from the computed to stored strategies
idp.persistentId.sourceAttribute                 Comma-delim'd List
List of attributes to search for a value to uniquely identify the subject of a persistent identifier, it MUST be stable, long-lived, and non-reassignable
idp.persistentId.useUnfilteredAttributes 3.2BooleantrueWhether or not the previous property has access to unreleased attributes
idp.persistentId.saltString
A secret salt for the hash when using computed persistent IDs
idp.persistentId.encodedSalt 3.3Base64-encoded String
An encoded form of the previous property
idp.persistentId.algorithmStringSHAThe hash algorithm used when using computed persistent IDs
idp.persistentId.encoding 3.3.2"BASE64" or "BASE32"BASE64The final encoding applied to the hash generated when using computed persistent IDs (BASE32 is strongly recommended for new installs)
idp.persistentId.exceptionMap 3.4Bean IDshibboleth.ComputedIdExceptionMapAdvanced feature allowing revocation or regeneration of computed persistent IDs for specific subjects or services
idp.nameid.saml2.legacyGeneratorBean ID
Identifies a default generator plugin to use as a last resort if no others succeed
idp.nameid.saml1.legacyGeneratorBean ID
Identifies a default generator plugin to use as a last resort if no others succeed
idp.nameid.saml2.defaultURIurn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:2.0:nameid-format:transientThe default Format to generate if nothing else is indicated
idp.nameid.saml1.default                            URIurn:mace:shibboleth:1.0:nameIdentifierThe default Format to generate if nothing else is indicated

V2 Compatibility

The V3 IdP uses a new dedicated service for configuring NameID generation. The legacy V2 approach of encoding attributes into identifiers using attribute-resolver.xml and special attribute encoders that generate NameIdentifiers or NameIDs instead of Attributes is supported for compatibility purposes, but is deprecated and may be removed from a future version.

To enable the legacy support, the idp.nameid.saml2.legacyGenerator and idp.nameid.saml1.legacyGenerator properties must be uncommented and set to the values commented out in the saml-nameid.properties file. This is done for you when performing an upgrade from V2.

The IdP should load any existing V2 attribute-resolver.xml file and configure itself in an expected manner, but that configuration will be superseded by the content of the new saml-nameid.xml file and will fall back to the resolver only as a backstop. You can short-circuit the new functionality by commenting out the content of the two generator list beans and leaving them empty.

Note that unlike in V2, the transient or persistent identifiers produced by the new V3 generation service are not treated as attributes and are not release-controlled via an attribute filter policy. Rather, transients are viewed as harmless (because they are merely one-time values) and persistent identifiers cannot be generated without configuring an appropriate source attribute or other properties.

Finally, note that the two supplied strategies for generating persistent IDs are compatible with the connector plugins in V2 used for this purpose.

Notes

TBD

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